The National Geographic Society (NGS), is headquartered in Washington, D.C. in the United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world. Its interests include geography, archaeology and natural science, the promotion of environmental and historical conservation, and the study of world culture.
The National Geographic’s president since March 1998, John M. Fahey, Jr. says it was created for “Inspiring people to care about the planet to increase and diffuse geographic knowledge while promoting the conservation of the world’s cultural, historical and natural resources.”
The Society publishes an official journal, National Geographic Magazine and other magazines, books, school products, maps, other publications, web and film products in numerous languages and countries around the world.
It also has an educational foundation that gives grants to education organizations and individuals to enhance geography education. The Society has helped sponsor many expeditions and research projects over the years.
There are 12 monthly issues of National Geographic per year, plus at least four additional map supplements. On rare occasions, special issues of the magazine are also created. The magazine contains articles about geography, popular science, world history, culture, current events and photography of places and things all over the world and universe.
The National Geographic magazine is currently published in 32 language editions in many countries around the world. Combined English and other language circulation is nearly nine million monthly with more than fifty million readers monthly.
In October 2007, National Geographic created a new Global Media group composed of its magazine, book publishing, television specials as well as television series, film, music, radio, digital media and maps units.
National Geographic Channel, launched in January 2001, is a joint venture of National Geographic Television & Film and Fox Broadcasting Company. It has featured stories on numerous scientific figures that not only featured their work but helped make them world-famous and accessible to millions. A majority of the specials were narrated by various famous actors.
The specials' theme music, by Elmer Bernstein, was also adopted by the National Geographic Channel. The National Geographic Channel has begun to launch a number of subbranded channels in international markets, such as Nat Geo Wild, Nat Geo Adventure, Nat Geo Junior, and Nat Geo Music.